ABS — American Bureau of Shipping — American classification society.
ACOT — Advisory Committee on Offshore Technology
ACP — Area Contingency Plan
ADB — African/Asian Development Bank
AFRA — Average Freight Rate Assessment — average costs for the freight of oil with tankships.
Calculated by the Worldscale Association in London. based on an ongoing registration of all
freightrates at particular points in time.
AHT — Anchorhandling Tug — vessel employed in the offshore field moving anchors and performing
AHTS — AHT which is also a combined supplyvessel.
AID — Agency for International Development — US organization for civilian aid programmes.
AIMS — American Institute of Merchant Shipping — the American shipowners’ association for the major
part of the privately owned tonnage.
ALAMAP — Associac¢n Latinamericano de Armadores — Latin-American Shipowners’ Association
(established in March 1963).
ALU-TUCP — Philippine Seafarers’ Union, member of TUCP (Trade Union Council of the Philippines).
AMOSUP — Associated Marine Officers’ and Seamen’s Union of the Philippines — Filipino union for
officers and crew.
AMVER — Automatic Mutual-Assistance Vessel Rescue System — American warning system for
ASEAN — Association of South East Asian Nations — Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore.
ASF — Asian Shipowners’ Forum — shipowners’ association for East Asia and Oceania.
ASO — Arbeidsgiverforeningen for Skip og Offshorefartoyer — The Employers’ Organization for Ships
and Offshore Installations (Oslo).
AWES — Association of Western European Shipbuilders
BEI — Banque Europeenne d’Investissement — The European Investment Bank.
BFI — Baltic Freight Index — an index for bulk freight rates.
BIAC — Business and Industry Advisory Committee — OECD’s advisory committee. Opposite to TUAC.
BICC — Bureau International des Chambres de Commerce — International information bureau for
Chambers of Commerce.
BIFA — British International Freight Association
BIFFEX — Baltic International Freight Futures Exchange (London) — an exchange for the buying and
selling of futures, based on the BFI.
BIMCO — The Baltic and International Maritime Council (Copenhagen)
BIS — Bank for International Settlements (Basel)
BISCO — British Iron and Steel Corporation
BOSVA — British Offshore Supply Ships Association
BOTB — British Overseas Trade Board (London)
BROA — British Rigowners’ Association
BSC — British Shippers Council
BSI — British Standards Institution
BV — Bureau Veritas — French classification society.
CAACE — Comité des Associations d’Armateurs de la Communaute Europeenne (Brussels) —
organization for shipping companies from the EU.
CACM — Central American Common Market
CAJEA — Council of All Japanese Exporters’ Association
CARICOM — Caribbean Community.
CASO — Council of American-flag Ship Operators (eight liner companies which left the AIMS).
CBA — Collective Bargaining Agreement (tariff agreement) — CBA for Filipino seamen between
AMOSUP and ASO is an example. The term is used for any kind of tariff agreement, both for NISships
and foreignflagged ships.
CCA — Chemical Carriers Association
CCAF — Comite des Armateurs de France — the French shipowners’ association.
CCC — Customs Co-operation Council — forum for international cooperation between customs
authorities, attempting to create harmony and uniformity of approach.
CE — Conseil de l’Europe (Strasbourg)
C&E — Customs and Excise — British Department for Tariffs and Customs.
CEFOR — Maritime insurers central association.
CEMT — Conference Europeenne des Ministres des Transports — OECD-affiliated organization for
dealing with transportation problems on rails, roads and inland waterways.
CEN — European Standardization Organization
CENSA — Council of European and Japanese National Shipowners’ Associations (London).
CIS — Commonwealth of Independant States
CLC — Civil Liability Convention of 1969.
CMI — Comite Maritime International — the international association for maritime law.
COFR — Certificate of Financial Responsibility — regarding the transport of oil to USA. Vessels must
have a certificate guaranteeing the payment of up to USD 1,500 per dwt. in case of oil spills.
COGSA — Carriage of Goods by Sea Act (USA).
COTTON CLUB — informal forum for Western European and Japanese shipping attachees in
CRISTAL — Contract Regarding a Supplement to Tanker Liability for Oil Pollution — a voluntary system
established by oil companies in order to «plug» holes in IMO-conventions concerning the financial
settlement of claims in connection with oil spills. The oil companies’ supplemet to TOVALOP.
CSC — Container Safety Convention — convention for the promotion of safer containers.
CSG — Consultative Shipping Group — forum for the discussion of shipping policy on Government level.
Fourteen West-European participants and Japan.
DIS — Dansk Internationalt Skibsregister — Danish International Shipregister.
DG — Directorate General — the term used for the various departments of the EU-Commission.
DNME — Dynamic Non-Member Economies (referring to dynamic countries which are not members of
DNMF — Det norske maskinistforbund — the Norwegian association for ships’ engineers.
DNV — Det Norske Veritas (NV) — Norwegian classification society.
DoTI — Department of Trade and Industry, UK
DR — Danmarks Rederiforening — the Danish Shipowners’ Association.
DSO — De samarbeidende organisasjoner — cooperation between DNMF and NS for mobile offshore
DSRK — Deutsche Schiffs Revision und Klassifikation — German classification society.
EBRD — European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
ECE — Economic Commission for Europe, Geneva (UN)
ECJ — European Court of Justice (EU)
ECLA — Economic Commission for Latin America, UN-body under ECOSOC.
ECMT — European Conference of Ministers of Transport
ECOSOC — Economical and Social Council of the United Nations, New York — UN’s main body for
economic questions. The regional commissions — ECLA, ESCAP, ECA, etc. — answer to ECOSOC.
ECSA — European Community Shipowners’ Association (Brussels)
ECSC — European Coal and Steel Community
ECU — European Currency Units. A financial unit used for EU accounting.
EEA — European Economic Area
EFTA — European Free Trade Association of Non-common Market Countries.
EIB — European Investment Bank
ELA — Euzko Langilleen Alkartsuna — Spanish-Basque trade union.
EMA — European Monetary Agreement
EMIF — European Maritime Industries Forum
EMU — Economic Monetary Union
E&P FORUM — The Oil Industry International Exploration and Production Forum (London). Statoil,
Norsk Hydro and Saga Petroleum are full Norwegian members, while OLF is associated member.
ESA — EFTA Surveillance Authority.
ESC — European Shippers’ Council (Hague)
ESCAPE — Economic and Social Commission for Asia and South Pacific — under ECOSOC.
EUROS — Planned shipregister in the EU.
EXIMBANK — Export-Import Bank of the United States to promote American exports.
FACS — Federation of American Controlled Shipping — organization for US companies with ships under
FOC, mainly the Liberian.
FAO — UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (Rome)
FASA — Federation of Asian Shipowners’ Associations
FENSO — Federation of Norwegian Ships Officers organizations (NMB in Norwegian)
FIATA — Federation Internationale des Associations de Transifaires et Assimiles (Zurich) —
International association of forwarding agents.
FMC — Federal Maritime Commission — American independant control authority regulating liner
services to the USA.
FOC — Flag of Convenience
FONASABA — Federation of National Associations of Shipbrokers and Agents
FR — Finlands Rederiförening — the Finnish Shipowners’ Association.
GATS — General Agreement on Trade in Services — part of GATT — concerns trading in services, incl.
GATT — General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (Geneva).
GCBS — General Council of British Shipping — the amalgamation of the former BSF — British Shipping
Federation — and the UK Chamber of Shipping, established 1976.
GIS — German International Shipregister
GL — Germanischer Lloyd — German classification society.
GMDSS — Global Maritime Distress and Safety System
GBS — Gravity Base Structure
HR — Hellenic Register of Shipping — Greek classification society.
IACS — International Association of Classification Societies
IADC — International Association of Drilling Contractors (Houston/Amsterdam)
IAPH — International Association of Ports and Harbours.
IBIA — International Bunker Industry Association (Kingston on Thames).
IBRD — International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (Washington) — the World Bank.
ICC — International Chamber of Commerce
ICFTU — International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
ICHCA — International Cargo Handling Co-ordination Association (London)
ICOTAS — International Committee on the Organization of Traffic at Sea (London)
ICPL — International Committee on Passenger Lines (for the CENSA-countries).
ICS — International Chamber of Shipping (London)
IFC — International Finance Corporation
IFSMA — International Federation of ShipMasters Association (London)
ILA — International Law Association
ILO — UN’s International Labour Organization (Geneva)
IMB — International Maritime Bureau — bureau established by the ICC to combat fraud in the shipping
IMDG — International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code — rules for the labelling of dangerous goods at
IMEC — International Maritime Employers’ Committee
IMIF — International Maritime Industry Forum — a forum for banks and shipbuilders with the purpose of
solving problems in connection with surplus tanker tonnage.
IMO — International Maritime Organization (London) — UN’s maritime authority.
IMPA — International Pilots’ Association
IMU — International Maritime Union (Latin-American seamen’s union with US affiliations.)
INMARSAT — International Maritime Satellite Organization (London)
INSROP — International Northern Sea Route Programme — comprehensive, multi-national, multidisciplinary
five-year research programme investigating commercial navigation through the North-East
INTERCARGO — International Association of Dry Cargo Shipowners (London) — Opposite number to
INTERTANKO — International Association of Independent Tanker Owners (Oslo)
IOE — International Organization of Employers
IOPC — International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund
IOPP — International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate
ISF — International Shipping Federation (London) — cooperation of maritime employers’ associations.
ISM — International Safety Management Code
ISMA — International Ship Managers’ Association
ISO — International Standards Organization (London)
ISOA — International Support Vessels Owners’ Association (London)
ITF — International Transport Workers’ Federation (London)
ITOPF — International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Ltd. (London) — manages TOVALOP and
cooperates closely with CRISTAL.
ITS — International Tanker Service — planned cooperation in the market between independent tanker
IWA — International Wheat Agreement
JR — Jugoslav Register — Yugoslav classification society.
KFK — Koordinerende forskningskomite (Norway) — Coordinating Research Committee.
KPI — Kesatuan Pelant Indonesia — Indonesian seamen’s union.
LAFTA — Latin America Free Trade Association
LLMC — International Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims
LOF’90 — Lloyd’s Open Form 1990 — standard form of salvage agreement.
LR — Lloyd’s Register of Shipping — British classification society.
MARAD — Maritime Administration (USA) — authority under the US department for Trade. Handles
subsidies etc. to American shipyards and shipping companies.
MARINTEK — Norsk Marinteknisk Forskningsinstitutt A/S (Trondheim) — Norwegian maritime research
MARPOL — International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from ships (London)
MEIF — Mandatory Excess Insurance Facility — Norwegian-Swedish-Greek proposal to solve the
MEPC — Maritime Environment Protection Committee (IMO, London)
MITS — Maritim information technology.
MSC — Maritime Safety Committee (IMO, London)
MTC — Maritime Transport Committee (OECD)
MUI — Maritime Union of Indian Officers
NASCO — Norwegian Asian Seafarers’ Conference
NATO — North-Atlantic Treaty Organization — Western defence alliance.
NFD — Norwegian Friendship Development — Norwegian recruiting office in Manila.
NIS — Norsk Internasjonalt Skipsregister (Bergen) — Norwegian International Ship Register.
NK — Nippon Kaiji Kyokai — Japanese classification society.
NMB — Norsk Maritimt Befalskartell — (see FENSO)
NMU — National Maritime Union (USA)
NOKUS — Special taxation scheme for Norwegian-controlled companies in low-tax countries.
NOPEF — Norsk Olje- og Petrokjemisk Fagforbund, Stavanger — Norwegian trade union for oil industry
NOR — Skipsregisteret, Bergen. Often termed Norsk Ordinært Register — the Norwegian Ordinary Ship
NORDKOMPASS — Nordisk Komite for Passasjerskip — Nordic forum for passengership and ferry
companies and shipowners’ associations.
NR — Norges Rederiforbund (Oslo) — Norwegian Shipowners’ Association (NSA).
NS — Norsk Styrmandsforening — the former Norwegian association for ships’ mates.
NSA — see NR
NSF — Norsk Sjomannsforbund — Norwegian Seafarers’ Union, (also Norsk Skibsforerforbund —
Norwegian Association of Master Mariners)
NSOAF — North Sea Offshore Authority Forum.
NSU — National Seafarers’ Union (Sri Lanka)
NTC — Norwegian Training Center (Manila)
NUMAST — British trade union for officers and crew.
NUS — National Union of Seamen — British seamen’s union.
NUSI — National Union of Seamen of India
NV — see DNV
OAPEC — Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
OCIMF — Oil Companies’ International Marine Forum (London)
OECD — Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development — 25 member countries.
OFS — Oljearbeidernes Fellessammenslutning (Stavanger) — Norwegian federation of trade unions in
the oil industry.
OFU — Offshorenæringens Forhandlingsutvalg — negotiating committee for the offshore industry.
OLF — Oljeindustriens Landsforening (Stavanger) — Federation of oil industry employers.
OPA — Oil Pollution Act (USA)
OPEC — Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (Vienna)
OSSL — Oljeserviceselskapenes Landsforening — The Association of Norwegian Oil Industry Service
OSV — Offshore Support Vessel
PBOS — NATO Planning Board for Ocean Shipping (Brussels)
P&I — Protection and Indemnity Insurance
POEA — Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (Manila)
PR — Polish classification society.
PSU — Polish Seafarers’ Union (formerly S-FUF or MR).
PSV — Platform Supply Vessel.
RI — Registro Italiano — Italian classification society.
RLF — Rederienes Landsforening — Association of Norwegian short-sea shipowners.
ROV — Remote Operated Vehicle
RS — the former Soviet classification society.
SEATO — South-East Asian Treaty Organization — defence alliance.
SFT — Statens Forurensningstilsyn — Norwegian Pollution Authority.
SIGGTO — Society of International Gas Tankers and Terminal Operators
SIRE — Ship Inspection Report Programme
SIU — Seafarers’ International Union (USA)
SIØS — Senter for Internasjonal Økonomi og Skipsfart ved Norges Handelshoyskole i Bergen —
Norwegian center for maritime economics (Bergen).
SOLAS — Convention on Safety of Life at Sea (IMO, London)
SRF — Sveriges Redareförening, Gothenburg — Swedish Shipowners’ Association.
STCW — International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (IMO,
STUFT — Ships Taken Up From Trade — merchant vessels chartered by the military.
SUNAMAM — Brazilian shipping organization representing the authorities.
TIR — Transport Internationale Routier — International customs’ convention.
TOVALOP — Tanker Owners’ Voluntary Agreement Concerning Liabililty for Oil Pollution (London)
TUAC — Trade Union Advisory Committee — advisory committee representing employees in the OECD.
UGT — Union General de Trabajadores — Spanish TUC.
UNCLOS — United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea
UNCTAD — United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (Geneva)
UNIDO — United Nations Industrial Development Organization
USCG — U.S. Coast Guard
USMC — US Maritime Commission
VDR — Verband Deutscher Reeder — German Shipowners’ Association.
VTS — Vessel Traffic System
WFTU — World Federation of Trade Unions
WPC — World Petroleum Congress
WTO — World Trade Organization